內容目錄

01.托福寫作題型速覽 INTRODUCTION TO TOEFL WRITING QUESTIONS

📝托福寫作2種題型

  • 第1題 (Writing Task 1) :整合寫作題型
  • 第2題 (Writing Task 2) :獨立寫作題型

第1題 整合寫作題 Writing Task 1

本題考生將用約3分鐘閱讀一篇文章,再用約2分鐘聽一段教授講課音檔,閱讀題目後在20分鐘內完成寫作,統整聽力中教授講課內容如何回應閱讀中的論點。

建議練習方向為練習閱讀資訊改寫(換句話說),練習聽力資訊詳實轉述,與練習使用高分模板寫作(推薦克雷英文滿分寫作模板)。

閱讀 (3分鐘) ➤聽⼒ (約2分鐘) ➤閱讀寫作題⽬ ➤寫作 (20分鐘) 建議字數250-300字

第2題 獨立寫作題 Writing Task 2

本題考生將針對題目中問題,在30分鐘內完成寫作,提出自己的論點並以理由與例證說明論點。

建議練習方向為練習快速構思理由,練習論說文的說理式寫作邏輯(推薦克雷英文滿分寫作模板),與練習舉具體事例扣題。

閱讀寫作題⽬➤寫作 (30分鐘)建議字數350-400字

02.托福整合寫作真題 TOEFL WRITING TASK 1 QUESTION

整合寫作真題題目(2022年04月真題)

閱讀題目 Reading Passage
There are two main types of lightbulbs we use these days: incandescent light bulbs and Compact Fluorescent Lamps, which we often shorten as CFLs. There have always been debates about whether incandescent light bulbs or CFLs are better. Advocates of incandescent light bulbs believe CFLs come with a lot of downsides. First, CFLs are a lot more expensive than incandescent lights, which makes the cost of CFLs a lot higher. It is because the amount of energy needed to light up a CFL is a lot more than incandescent lights. Second, CFL contains the chemical mercury. If not recycled properly and well taken care of, mercury could easily pollute the environment. Not to mention that mercury is highly toxic to our nervous system, which is a very critical system that supports sensation receiving and response generation. Lastly, CFLs usually emit a bright light that can be hard on our eyes sometimes, which may not be suitable in occasions such as in classrooms or places that need constant lighting.

聽力題目逐字稿 Lecture:
There are actually a lot of reasons why many still prefer CFLs over incandescent lights. The first reason being that CFLs are more sustainable than incandescent lights. It is true that CFLs do use more energy when emitting light, but in the long run, one CFL may last about ten times longer than an incandescent bulb does. Hence, you can actually save more money. Second, although CFL does release mercury gas, incandescent lights actually release more of it. By using a CFL, less than half of the mercury is emitted compared to using a 100 Watts incandescent light bulb. Lastly, the older versions CFLs have limited range in terms of color temperature and can be sometimes too bright for human eyes, but the newer versions CFLs actually solve this problem. The newer CFLs offer a variation of brightness and colors, which can be used in different types of settings. Therefore, the brightness and limited colors wouldn’t be a concern.

02.托福整合寫作範文 1 TOEFL WRITING TASK 1 SAMPLE ANSWER 1

問題:

Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on the specific points made in the reading passage.(2022年04月真題)

👩‍🦱整合寫作台灣老師滿分示範範文- 全文(字數:237字)

The reading passage argues that between fluorescent lights and Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs), CFLs are the better option and several reasons are provided in support of the argument. Although the statement of the argument seems convincing and substantiated, the lecturer believes the latter is the better option.

First, even though the reading passage suggests that CFLs cost more than incandescent lights, the lecturer believes that is not the case. He points out that while CFLs do use up more power, they can last about ten times longer, making them more economical in the long run. Therefore, the lecturer’s argument disapproves of its counterpart in the reading.

Second, the writer contends that the mercury in CFLs make them a potential environmental and health hazard. Conversely, the speaker refutes this argument by explaining that incandescent light bulbs in actual fact release more mercury gas, which means that they are an even greater risk to users.

Lastly, the lecturer challenges the reading passage’s objection that CFLs tend to be overly bright. He explains that while the old CFLs may have the problem, newer products come in a variety of brightness and colors suitable for different surroundings, and as a result invalidating the writer’s concern.

In conclusion, based on the evidence provided above, it can be clearly seen that the lecturer disagrees with the writer. Although the contents in the reading passage seem plausible, the speaker disproves them by solid reasons.

👱‍♀️整合寫作美國老師滿分示範範文- 全文(字數:243字)

The reading passage explores a comparison of two types of lightbulbs: incandescent bulbs and compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). The author claims that CFLs are more expensive and hazardous for humans than incandescent bulbs. Although the argument seems convincing and substantiated, the lecturer casts doubts on it for the following reasons.

First, the reading passage states that CFLs are less safe than incandescent bulbs because they contain mercury. The lecturer, however, indicates that both types of bulbs contain mercury and that CFLs actually emit half the mercury of incandescent bulbs, so they are in fact safer for humans.

Second, the passage claims that CFLs are more expensive than traditional bulbs because they use more energy. The lecturer casts doubt on this by stating that CFLs use more energy but they last about 10 times longer than an incandescent bulb, so they save money over time. Instead of purchasing 10 incandescent bulbs, you can purchase a single CFL.

Finally, the reading passage claims that CFLs emit a bright light that hurts human eyes, making it unsuitable for use in classrooms and other settings that require constant lighting. The lecturer indicates that newer CFLs offer a wide range of brightness and colors that solve this concern.

Based on the reasoning shown above, it is clear that there is a discrepancy between the accounts of the reading and the listening passages. Although the contents in the reading passage seem plausible, the speaker disproves them through solid reasoning.

03.托福獨立寫作真題 TOEFL WRITING TASK 2 QUESTION

獨立寫作真題 題目(2022年04月真題)

問題:

Teachers of young children at a primary school are considering making one major change to better support the educational and social development of their students (aged 6-10), which one of the following changes do you think is the most important for the teachers to make and why?

  • Encourage students to ask questions in class more frequently than they do now.
  • Having students work together in pairs or small groups more frequently than they do now.
  • Meeting with each student’s parents more frequently than they do now. (2022年04月真題)

👩‍🦱獨立寫作台灣老師滿分示範範文- 全文 (字數:460字)

When it comes to getting more satisfying results at school or at work, answers can vary considerably from individual to individual. Some argue that one should go the extra mile, doing more than what is expected, while others believe that being more involved and sharing more in a group is the right answer. While both sides seem convincing and plausible, my personal experiences have led me to conclude that the latter will more significantly raise your game academically and professionally.

First, investing more time and energy in group work helps us to learn from others. While doing additional work might allow you to learn more about a subject at school or a project at work on your own, being more active in group discussions gives you a chance to learn from classmates or coworkers who may have more knowledge and experience than you. Take myself as an example: when I was in college, I took a translation course, and the peer critique sessions in class were of immense value to me. Even though it was hard for me to see the problems in my own homework, different people in the class with their fresh perspective and different backgrounds and expertise could give me constructive feedback and improve my translated work. If I had invested the time instead of doing extra assignments, and translating more texts than what the professor prescribed, I would still have struggled to identify my own weakness, and would most likely have replicated the same mistakes in all the additional work.

Second, investing more in teamwork allows you to build up people skills, which are extremely beneficial both on campus or in the workplace. If we desire better results either at school or at work, knowing how to work with people is often more essential than knowledge about our field. For example, when I first became a teacher, even though I knew my subject well, I did not know how to interact with my students or their parents at all. However, in the weekly meetings with my fellow teachers, I was able to learn from their input and advice. After a while, the supervisor saw my willingness to accept and profit from feedback from the others and my commitment to offer my own insight to the team in these discussions, and she gradually trusted me with more classes and more responsibilities at the school.

In conclusion, given the reasons mentioned above, I strongly believe that taking a more active role in group discussions is the way to impress teachers or employers, in order to get higher marks or get ahead in your profession. That is not to say other opinions are completely out of merit. However, I believe I have substantiated reasons to support my point of view.

👱‍♀️獨立寫作美國老師滿分示範範文- 全文 (字數:342字)

As teachers explore ways to better support students’ educational and social development, they may consider several options, including: (1) encouraging more questions during class; (2) having students work together more in pairs and groups more frequently; and (3) meeting with each student’s parents more frequently. While all options are valid strategies depending on the situation, the most important change teachers can make is to have students work in pairs and groups more frequently if they would like to improve their social development.

Many school environments overlook some of the most important soft skills that are required for success in today’s world. These skills include effective communication, critical thinking, and collaboration. When students work with other students in groups on shared assignments, they develop these skills through the course of their school day. In a group assignment, students have shared responsibility for the assignment’s success and are challenged to collaborate to make it a success. They must communicate to develop a project plan and ensure everyone knows which parts of the work they are responsible for completing. In doing so, each group member learns how to be accountable both for their own work and for the group’s work.

Additionally, in a group environment, students learn important social-emotional skills such as maintaining positive relationships and handling conflict. When students work individually, their decisions often do not affect other students. In a group, however, they will need to consider how their actions affect their fellow group members. For example, if a student decides not to do their work, then their group members will have to complete extra work to compensate for that student. Inevitably, there will be disagreements and conflict in a group project. Students will learn how to effectively manage these conversations in a way that increases group productivity and morale.

In conclusion, creating more group work is the most impactful way that teachers can improve students’ educational and social development. Through the course of their school work, students will develop the real-world skills necessary to thrive academically, in their careers, and in life.

04.托福口說題型速覽 INTRODUCTION TO TOEFL SPEAKING QUESTIONS

👄托福口說部分總共有4題

  • 第1題➤獨立題型 ➤個人意見題
  • 第2題➤整合題型 ➤校園情境題
  • 第3題➤整合題型 ➤觀念例子題
  • 第4題➤整合題型 ➤學術講課題

第1題 Speaking Task 1

題目中會提供兩個立場論述,請你擇一立場附理由解釋你的觀點,或是提供單一論點,請你附理由解釋自己同意或不同意。

看到題目➤準備 (15秒)➤口說回答 (45秒)

第2題 Speaking Task 2

題目中將提供一篇閱讀篇章(學生陳情信、校園公告等),後播放一段聽力音檔,內容主要為2位學生的對話。閱讀以及聽完之後,考生須統整閱讀與聽力資訊作口說摘要。

閱讀 (45-50秒)➤聽力 (約1-1.5分)➤準備 (30秒)➤口說回答 (60秒)

第3題 Speaking Task 3

題目中將提供一篇閱讀篇章,內容主要為學術文章,後播放一段聽力音檔,內容主要為教授講課片對。閱讀以及聽完之後,考生須統整閱讀與聽力資訊作口說摘要。

閱讀 (45-50秒)➤聽力 (約1-1.5分)➤準備 (30秒)➤口說回答 (60秒)

第4題 Speaking Task 4

題目將播放一篇聽力音檔,內容主要為學術講課,聽完後考生須作口說摘要。

聽力 (約1-2分)➤準備 (20秒)➤口說回答 (60秒)

05.托福口說第1題真題與示範答案 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 1 QUESTION, SAMPLE ANSWER

問題:

Is it better to choose your job based on the salary or sense of achievement? (2022年04月真題)

🎙口說第1題 示範答案音檔

口說第1題 示範答案 逐字稿

I believe it is better to choose your job based on the salary for the following reasons. First, I would rather dislike my job but earn a lot of money. Let’s say I really like drawing but it is not paying the bills, and most likely I am not going to make it as an artist. Therefore, I would switch jobs, perhaps entering a company to work as a normal businesswoman in order to feed myself and earn a decent income. Second, I believe a sense of achievement is hard to come by with your job. Usually when you are working on a project, it may take weeks, months, or even years for the project to be finished, and sometimes it could even fail. Therefore, I believe it is safer to choose your job based on the salary rather than a sense of achievement.

06.托福口說第2題真題 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 2 QUESTION

口說第2題 真題(2022年04月真題)

閱讀題目 Letter

I would like to request a renovation of the school theater. Our university has one of the most prestigious theater programs in the country, and we train the future superstars of Broadway and movies. Therefore, I believe that we should increase the number of seats in our theater so we can have a bigger audience when we have a performance. Currently, it would be at full capacity if all students from our program attend, but I suggest that the university add more seats to the theater for families, friends, aspiring students, as well as critics to attend events! I think it will be a good opportunity to better prepare our students for the crowd they will face in the future as well as show our passion for theater to those who are interested.
Henry

聽力題目逐字稿 Listening

Listen to a conversation between two students
Student A: Have you seen the letter written by Henry? You’re a theater major right? What do you think about it?
Student B: Well, I think it is a really good idea, but I am just not sure if it is possible Student A: Oh really? How so?
Student B: So, the renovation of the theater is definitely going to cost a lot of money. The school has already invested a large amount of the school budget towards the theater program. I think it is unlikely for them to expand the theater size.
Student A: But wouldn’t it be a good investment? Like what the letter mentioned, it might even attract critics or maybe even scouts to see our school’s talents! Wouldn’t that help the school’s reputation? Student B: Well, yeah that might be true. But to be honest, our theater program is already very prestigious on its own. It really doesn’t need further advertisement to attract critics and scouts. They already come on their own.
Student A: I guess you do have a point.
Student B: Besides, we don’t always have a full house, and not the entire university comes to our shows. So, I think there will be enough seats for students’ families and friends, and even the critics to come.

06.托福口說第2題示範答案 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 2 SAMPLE ANSWER

問題:

The student expresses her opinion of the student’s letter to the university. State the student’s opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion. (2022年04月真題)

🎙口說第2題 示範答案音檔

口說第2題 示範答案逐字稿

The letter was written to the school about increasing the number of seats in the theater for students’ family members, friends, and critiques to come to the performances. However, the woman in the listening disagrees with this suggestion. First, she says that although she believes the suggestion has its point, it didn’t take the school’s budget into consideration. The university has already invested a lot of money into the theater program, so it is unlikely for them to allocate more budget to it. Second, the woman states that it is unnecessary to increase the seats to attract scouts or critics. She points out that the university’s theater program is already very well- known and attracts these critics and scouts on its own. Moreover, she states that they often don’t get a full house at every show, because not every student in the university goes to the show. Therefore, there are already plenty of open seats as of now.

07.托福口說第3題真題 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 3 QUESTION

閱讀題目 Textbook

Behind the scenes of a beautiful shop’s product line can be traced to the relations between the shop itself and its manufacturer. The communication between these two parties has to be extremely effective and well managed in order to have an agreed transaction. However, sometimes channel conflict may happen. Channel conflict refers to any dispute, disagreement, or other similar issues that may occur between two or more channel partners, where the decisions and actions of one partner affect the other’s business metrics, such as profit, sales, or market share.

聽力題目逐字稿 Lecture

Listen to a lecture by a Professor
Professor: In a normal situation, in order for a two-sided transaction to happen between a manufacturer and a shop, there has to be an agreement or a contract in place. However, when a manufacturer and a shop get into a disagreement or conflict, we call it a channel conflict. An example can be when the manufacturer sells a certain product to shop A, it decides to sell the exact same product to shop B, which allows shop B to launch a copycat product in the market. This can be regarded as a channel conflict because this has affected shop A’s profits and sales of that specific product. More importantly, if shop B sells the product at a much cheaper price, it could cause shop A to lose all its sales.

07.托福口說第3題示範答案 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 3 SAMPLE ANSWER

問題:

Using points and examples from the lecture, please describe what is channel conflict. (2022年04月真題)

🎙口說第3題 示範答案音檔

口說第3題 示範答案逐字稿

The reading passage discusses the concept of channel conflict, which is when there is a dispute or disagreement that happens between two or more channel partners, and it has affected one partner’s business. The professor in the listening gives a perfect example. He states that when a manufacturer sells the same product to shop A and shop B, a channel conflict may occur. That is because shop A has already launched the product in the market, and if shop B does the same, the product shop B launches will be a copycat product to shop A’s product. Additionally, if shop B decides to sell it at a lower price point, it will affect the sales and profit of shop A as customers often go with the cheapest option available. This is how this example clearly illustrates the concept of channel conflict.

08.托福口說第4題真題 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 4 QUESTION

聽力題目逐字稿 Listening

There are a lot of animals that are capable of living both on land and in water. However, they weren’t always capable of doing that. In fact, they have adapted body structures to help them live both on land and in water. Take the platypus as an example, they are exceptional swimmers. Their diet usually consists of crayfish, shrimps, and larvae, which are all underwater. Therefore, they usually spend half of the hours they are awake just swimming and looking for food. Due to the webbing on all four feet and their unique swimming style, the platypus is able to adapt well in water. These splayed webbed limbs resemble a paddle of a boat.There is more surface area to allow them to generate a propulsive force to push against water to help them swim faster. They swim by propelling themselves with their front feet, while their back legs and tails are used for steering. Thanks to their adapted limbs, they are able to quickly adapt to flowing waters and to hunt for food!

08.托福口說第4題示範答案 TOEFL SPEAKING TASK 4 SAMPLE ANSWER

問題:

Use the example in the lecture to explain the adaptations of limbs of animals underwater.(2022年04月真題)

🎙口說第4題 示範答案音檔

口說第4題 示範答案逐字稿

The professor in the lecture states that a lot of terrestrial animals have adapted body structures to live even underwater. The platypus is a great example. They are great swimmers because of their webbed-feet. The platypus usually eat crayfish and shrimps that live underwater, so they spend many hours in the water when they are awake swimming around and looking for food. The structure of the webbed feet is similar to a paddle of a boat. They help them to have enough force to push against water currents with the increase of surface area. Their front legs are used to propel themselves in the water, while their back legs are used along with their tail to steer. Because of this adapted body structure of webbed feet, platypus can successfully hunt for food in the water to satisfy their hunger.

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